Fairfield County in the Civil War

    We can be proud of the role Fairfield County served in the War of the
 Rebellion, also known as the Civil War (1861-1865). There were more than
 3000 Fairfield County men in service during the Civil War. Almost all of
 them were volunteers. There were one or two drafts but they were quite 
    Fairfield County had its share of high-ranking officers: one
 Lieutenant-General, 2 Major-Generals and several Brigadier- Generals.
 The Lieutenant General was of course William Tecumseh Sherman.
 Thomas H. Ewing, son of Hon. Thomas Ewing, was promoted from Colonel to
 Brigadier and then brevetted to Major-General. Hugh Ewing, brother of 
 Thomas, was promoted from Colonel to Major General. Jacob A. Stafford 
 and Newton Schleich were both promoted from Colonels to Brigadier
    Fairfield County had the honor of sending the first company of men to
 the state capital after Lincoln's call for 75,000 men just after the fall
 of Fort Sumter. The call for men was made on Monday, April 15 (1861) and 
 on April 16 Lancaster was in arms. The Lancaster Guards, whose ranks had 
 grown to more than 100 privates, marched to the train depot on Wednesday,
 April 17 and at 5 o'clock in the afternoon departed for Columbus.

    The First Ohio Volunteer Infantry was organized on the morning of 
 April 18 at Columbus and its Colonel was A. M. McCook. Before dawn of the
 next day, along with the Second Regiment, it was on its way to Washington.
 The Lancaster Guards became Company A of the First Ohio Volunteer 
 Infantry. Company A was commanded by Captain J. A. Stafford, First
 Lieutenant Thomas A. Hunter and Second Lieutenant Ezra Rickets. This 
 company mustered out on August 15, 1864 with 27 men, approximately 
 one-quarter of its original number.

    A number of other regiments and companies contained significant numbers
 of Fairfield County men:

    Seventeenth Ohio Volunteer Infantry: Colonel John M. Connel. This 
 regiment contained a larger number of Fairfield County men than any other
 in the field. One half of the companies belonged to Fairfield County.
    Company A: 	Captain A. H. Geisy (later Benj. B. Butterfield)
		First Lieutenant Abraham Ogden(later Benjamin Showers)
	        Second Lieutenant Leo Noles (later Henry Arney)
    Company B: 	Captain James W. Stinchcomb
		First Lieutenant Aaron P. Ashbrook
		Second Lieutenant Owen W. Brown
    Company F:	Captain Ezra Rickets
		First Lieutenant Irvin Linn
		Second Lieutenant Daniel Sullivan
    Company I:	Captain J. W. Stinchcomb (later Abraham Ogden)
		First Lieutenant John Wiseman (later Leo Noles)
		Second Lieutenant J. C. Watson (later Theodore Michaels)
    Company K:	Captain Daniel M. Rea
		First Lieutenant Wm. Cook
		Second Lieutenant Seth Collins              
    Captain Rickets was killed at Chickamauga, Tennessee and Major 
 Butterfield at Chattanooga, Tennessee.
    Sixty-First Ohio Volunteer Infantry: Colonel Newton Schleich. Company 
 B was the only Fairfield County Company. Captain Daniel J. Schleich,
 George J.Wygum and Edward Hay were the lieutenants.
    Forty-Third Ohio Volunteer Infantry: Colonel J. L. Kirby Smith. It 
 contained one company enlisted in Fairfield County, Company I. Peter 
 Brown was the original captain followed by Peter Hewiston, who had been 
 a lieutenant, and Henry S. Beck. O. W. Rigby and S. J. Morrell were also
 lieutenants. Colonel Smith was mortally wounded at Corinth, Mississippi
 October 4, 1862 where  over one-fourth of the  regiment was killed or
    Forty-Sixth Ohio Volunteer Infantry: Colonels were Thomas Worthington,
 C. C Walcutt and E. N. Upton. Two companies were recruited in Fairfield 
 County, Companies C and F. Company C: Captain John Wiseman; Lieutenants 
 Frank Linnville and John Lutz. Company F: Captain Henry Geisy; Lieutenants
 John J. Carron and C. H. Rice. Captain Geisy was promoted to Major and 
 was killed at Dallas, Georgia May 28, 1864.
    Fifty-Eighth Ohio Volunteer Infantry: Company I: Recruited in Pickaway
 and Fairfield Counties. Captain Samuel M. Morrison; Lieutenants William 
 Roby and Stephen Defenbaugh.
    Eighty-Eighth Ohio Volunteer Infantry: Regiment commanded by Colonel 
 George W. Neff. Company A: Full company recruited from Fairfield County.
 Captain James C. Henley. Lieutenants George Orman and Henry C. Sites. 
 (Soon became Company K of the Eighty-Fifth O.V.I.). Company K: Recruited
 from near Pleasantville and Royalton principally. Captain James C. Henley.
 First Lieutenant Henry E. Hoew. Second Lieutenant Harlow Park.
     Ninetieth Ohio Volunteer Infantry: Contained two companies from 
 Fairfield County. Colonels were Isaac N. Ross, Charles H. Rippey and 
 Samuel N. Yeoman. Company D: Captain Alvah Perry. First Lieutenant 
 John M. Sutphen. Second Lieutenant George W. Welsh. Company I: Captain
 Lewis R. Carpenter. First Lieutenant Augustus A. Keller. Second Lieutenant
 Samuel Weidner.
    One Hundred and Fortieth Ohio Volunteer Infantry: Company K: Recruited
 from Fairfield land Pickaway Counties. Captain George W. Hurst of 
 Williamsport. Lieutenants Isaac Butterfield and Joseph Bury.
    One Hundred and Twenty-Sixth Ohio Volunteer Infantry: Commanded by 
 Colonel Benj. F. Smith. The Lieutenant-Colonel of this regiment was
 Aaron E. Ebright of Fairfield County and he was killed at Winchester,
 Virginia, September 19, 1864. Company I: Recruited principally from 
 Fairfield County from Pleasant, Richland, Walnut and Rush Creek Townships.
 Captain Henry C. Yontz of New Salem. Lieutenants were Jacob Lamb and 
 Joseph C. Watson.
    One Hundred and Seventy-Eighth Ohio Volunteer Infantry: Commanded by 
 Colonel J. A. Stafford. Company C: Recruited from Ross and Fairfield 
 Counties. Captain Charles Cavinor of Ross County. Lieutenants P. H. 
 McGrew and J. A. Sears. The two color bearers of Company C, Irvin Linn 
 and George Crumley, were shot to death at Murfreesboro, Tennessee.
    First Ohio Volunteer Cavalry: Colonel Milligan in command. Company F:
 Recruited from Fairfield County by Captain Valentine Cupp who was promoted
 to Major and Lieutenant-Colonel and fell at Chickamauga, Tennessee. 
 Lieutenants were Lafayette Pickering, J. H. Pierce, Allen T. Overly, 
 Wm. J. Lowder, George V. Ward, Henry G. Ward, Wm. T. Brison and
 Geo.. W. Keys.
    Eleventh Ohio Volunteer Cavalry: Company C: Largely recruited from 
 Fairfield County. Captain Thomas L. Mackey of Chillicothe. First 
 Lieutenant John Van Pearce of Lancaster. Second Lieutenant Thomas P. Clark
 of Springfield. John P. Reeves of Lancaster later became a lieutenant.
    Sixth-Second Ohio Volunteer Cavalry: Clement F. Steele of Lancaster
 was Major and promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel. Contained a few Fairfield 
 County soldiers.
    One Hundred and Twenty-Third Ohio Volunteer Cavalry: Henry B. Hunter 
 of Lancaster was Lieutenant-Colonel.
    Fourth and Tenth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry: Each included a quota from 
 Fairfield County.
    Twelfth U. S. Regulars, Company A: Recruited in Fairfield County.
    Seventy-Third, One Hundred and Seventy-Sixth, Eighteenth, Sixtieth and
 many others were also represented.


Information for this article was taken from History of Fairfield and Perry Counties, Ohio, compiled by A. A. Graham (pages 115 - 132). See these pages for more information including the formation and re-formation of the various companies and descriptions of military actions. See also the Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861 - 1866. This multi-volumed set gives a short history of each regiment as well as rosters of the field and staff and those who served in each company, along with rank, age, date of entering service, period of service, and remarks. These volumes, along with an index on microfilm, are available in the Historical Room of the Fairfield County District Library.



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